The Atlantic Puffin

Atlantic Puffin, Puffin Bird, Nature

The Atlantic Puffin is the sole puffin that’s located in the Atlantic ocean. Another two puffin species, the Tufted Puffin and the Horned Puffin, are found in the North Pacific Ocean. Puffins are amazing in that they both fly and dive to great depths.

Other titles that have been given to the Atlantic Puffin are Common Puffin, Puffin, Puffin Auk, Labrador Auk, Sea Parrot, Pope, Bottle-Nose, Tammy Norie, Coulterner, Tinker, Clown of the Ocean, and Sea Rooster. The Canadian province Newfoundland and Labrador has announced it the provincial bird (similar to how in the United States there are state birds).

In the summertime, during breeding season, the puffin’s bill develops even more ridges and bony growth plates. Its crown is greyish-black. Its upper parts are dark. It’s a narrow ashy collar. The sides of the head, the chin, and the throat are also ashy. The area between the eyes and the bill are almost white, with a dark dusky patch on the side of its throat. The underparts, starting at the neck, are pur white. The puffin stands upright on its legs, which are pushed quite far back on it body. It stands and waddles like a penguin does. The base of the bill and the first slabs are dull yellowish. The next space on the invoice is grayish blue. The rest of the bill is vermilion, and yellowish below. The iris is bluish white, and there are conical shaped projections above and behind the eye.

Turkey Vultures

Turkey Vulture, Bird, Scavenger, Vulture

When I was a young girl, many, many years ago, my Mom and I frequently picked wild strawberries as a special summertime treat for that night’s dessert. On one occasion, as I bent down to loosen a bunch of sweet tiny red berries from their stems, out of the corner of my eye something grabbed my attention. I looked past our neighbor’s house, and into the skies above’Sugar Hill’, where I had enjoyed watching a lot of awesomely beautiful sunsets. A large dark bird with an impressive wingspan was moving quietly and slowly, circling in the skies over the hill.

“What IS that, Mom?” My mother stopped picking berries and stood upright, shading her eyes from the bright sun. “Oh”, she said with a positive note,”that’s a turkey vulture riding a thermal.”

The truth about turkey vultures:

Gentle, caring and devoted parents

Do not spread any diseases at all, contrary to popular beliefs

Essential part of Nature’s cleanup crew

Purify environment by eliminating animal cadavers that are already infected

Considered sacred in certain cultures for their gift of sanitizing

Enjoy soaring on high with warm thermals to lift them ever upward

Resemble wild turkeys with their red featherless head, dark body and two-tone wings

When you think of vultures, what images come to mind? While those are clear responses, I fear they’re based on images conjured up by Hollywood Westerns.

The black vultures most often seen from the west and south throughout Mexico are really aggressive.

Common all over america, it is the turkey vulture which uses its highly developed ability to detect the stench of cadavers, even at great distances. These large eagle-sized birds sport distinctive two-toned wings that are dark brown, with silvery grey feathers on their wing borders.

Turkey vulture heads are small and featherless for a very good reason. Consider it–similar to workmen dress for the job, these birds do the opposite. They undress (their heads) for the task at hand. If their noggins had feathers, they would find all gummed up when they dove into carcasses. It’s not pretty, but it’s true. Vultures would be spending far too much of their time preening and cleaning instead of filling their bellies. In the bird world, efficiency most often translates into survival.

When the young hatch from their excellently camouflaged eggs, they are powerless to defend or feed themselves. Their parents are ever watchful for possible predatory attacks, and they’re adept at providing loads of food for their downy chicks for another 60 to 80 days.

Vultures are an elegant part of Nature’s cleanup crew. In some cultures they are revered as purifiers and cleansers. Buddhists think they have the ability to release the soul and take it to Heaven. So it’s a routine practice to offer their deceased to vultures for’cleansing’ and delivery to the firmament, also called’sky burials’.

Their scientific name, Cathartes aura, really translates to either’purifying breeze’ or’golden purifier’. Either of those interpretations is more precise than the term’vulture’, which means to rip.

They’ll take turns, as opposed to fight over bits and pieces of flesh. Other birds, such as the black vultures and hawks, find it easy to drive them away from their own finds.

Possessing excellent immune systems keeps them from contracting any nasty diseases from the dead creatures they ingest. When roosting on the ground or atop a dead tree stump, they spread their wings outward with their backs to the sun to help rid them of parasites contracted from their food sources.

If they feel afraid or threatened they regurgitate (frequently at the direction of the perceived threat). This offensive act repels, and takes their attacker by surprise, with the sight and odor that is horrible. Plus, it serves to lighten the load for a faster get away!

The unfounded fears that turkey vultures spread disease often prompts intentional shootings and unkind poisonings and trappings. But these birds keep the environment clean and disease free, as opposed to the reverse.

All living things have a role on this Earth. The much maligned Turkey Vulture serves a noble goal. We will need to look beyond the shallow idea of attractiveness, and give the Turkey Vulture that the reverence it has rightfully earned and deserves.

Frog Facts

Frog, Pond, Animal, Water Frog



You might have heard the term amphibians, which signify cold-blooded vertebrate animals that are comfortable living in both water and land. Can you name a few animals that belong to this type of animal? Well, some of those commonly noticed amphibians are snakes, toads, caecilians etc.. When you have missed out on the most frequent name in this list, it is the frog. Kids are knowledgeable about green frogs which are mostly seen in animations or fairy tales. However, frogs can be found in various colors and shapes. There are loads of species of frogs across the globe, some of which are poisonous. Here are a few interesting things children ought to learn about frogs.

They are tailless, and their physical structure is not very large. Frogs like to spend some time in fresh water, an arid trees or surface. The body surface of a frog is very stout and rough. Frogs can jump often in one leap; say around 20 times in a row. Among the biggest frogs is called the Goliath which is located in West Africa.

Frogs use their tongue to grab the prey and swallow them whole. At the time of swallowing frogs blinks, their eyes often facing their eyeballs down towards their mouth.

One of the interesting species of frogs is the glass frog. As the name suggests, the body of such frogs is completely transparent. It is simple to see its internal organs and bones. Such frogs are great research material for scientists that are eager to know how the inside of a living animal functions. Learning about frogs is obviously a craze among kids. Frogs are one of those animals to serve this objective. Pupils in higher studies often found doing their experiments with the body, bones and organs of frogs interesting although it does not always sound exciting for all pupils. They find it quite tough to capture and slash a living creature. Nowadays, many colleges are providing 3D replicas and versions of amphibians to practice the same.

It seems intriguing to have a frog as a pet, and one such species for that purpose is the bullfrog. People today want to pet such frogs and allow them free when they do not feel like keeping them . For food, they can compete hard with their native species and environment, which is a detrimental indication to the surroundings. The Bullfrog breed is extremely fast, and their availability in the wrong area can upset the natural balance. They deprive resources and food of different animals leaving in the same selection.

Some frogs are very deadly; one such frog is known as the Golden Frog. Only 1 gram of toxin they could kill around 100,000 people. While getting to know more about the poisonous frogs, kids need to understand that some species are so poisonous that bothering them is unsafe. Great thing about this type of frog is that, they are found mostly in jungles. Some of the tribes living in the dense woods are capable of collecting and utilizing the poisons of these frogs.

Frogs like to begin their lives with swimming and then they slowly get in the water. Frogs inhale through their nostrils, and they can see all around them as upwards, sideways and facing them all at the same time. Right from the age of three, some of those commonly observed frogs are ready to breed. Frogs can’t survive in the sea and salt water.

Feeding wild raccoons

Raccoon, Masked, Animal, Wildlife, Wild

Raccoons are smart, very cute, and fun to watch in nature. These are some of the primary reasons why people would love to feed them. But feeding raccoons can cause a whole heap of problems. Although it’s not illegal to feed wild raccoons, it is a practice that’s widely discouraged in the wildlife rescue and control market. Keep on reading to learn why feeding raccoons is a dangerous and dangerous threat to take for yourself and your property.

Returning Raccoons

The most important reason why we shouldn’t feed raccoons is to keep them from trespassing on our properties. Furthermore, the reason we don’t want raccoons on our properties is because raccoons cause difficulties. If you were to feed raccoons, they will begin to associate your property as a source of food. Since raccoons are smart, they’ll return night after night, looking for more food.

Dangers and Hazards

When raccoons begin to explore our lands on a regular basis, they become familiar and comfortable with its surroundings. They might even think about your property their own land. When this happens, raccoons are more confident and likely to be a danger to any pets or human contact. Raccoons can carry infectious diseases, germs, and bacteria that they can transmit through saliva, blood, bites, and even scratches. If a pet or person gets too close, or they too close to them, a raccoon might feel threatened. And when raccoons feel threatened, they can become aggressive and attack, scratch, claw, or snack.

Another significant reason why we do not want raccoons visiting our lawns is because they cause a massive quantity of structural and landscaping damages. From that point, the damages can only get worse. For instance, attic insulation is torn down from the walls for nesting, or soiled with raccoon droppings, ceiling tiles discolor from raccoon urine, foul odors seep into the living spaces, roof shingles have been ripped off, siding is ripped away, baseboards are pried from the walls, and a whole lot more.

Feeding raccoons is similar to sending them an invitation to make your property their property. Damages from raccoons are costly, and can occasionally call for whole room renovations or large repairs. Protect yourself, your family, your pets, and your property with responsible wildlife control. This means never feeding wild raccoons and calling a local raccoon control company if you spot any on or around your property.

Hamburger

Burger, Hamburger, Bbq, Food, Fast Food

The Hamburg steak because it was called in the 1800’s was served on the voyages from Germany into the USA. The meat patties were quickly cooked and served on two pieces of bread. To attract many of the sailors and European visitors to their eating stands vendors. They would provide the Hamburg style steak on the menu.
With Hamburg steak firmly embedded the American culture in the late 1800’s claims of how it served in the modern standard is according to Congress girl Rosa DeLaurao. This is a contested fact. We’ll provide you a few more names and places of the Hamburger in america.
Fletcher Davis of Athers Texas sold burgers in the cafe in the late 1800’s before taking them to the World’s Fair in 1904.
Frank and Charles Menches seller at a county fair ran out of their sausage sandwiches and began using beef instead. It was recorded this took place in 1892 at the Summit County Fair in Akron Ohio.
In 1885 Charles Nagreen now called hamburger Charlie who made sandwiches that were easy to eat while walking at the Seymour Fair that he was just 15 years old at the time.
Proof that Oscar Bilby in 1891 was the first to serve the Hamburger on a bun in Tulsa Oklahoma. In 1995 Governor Frank Keating proclaimed the first true hamburger on a bun was made and consumed in Tulsa Oklahoma.
With 40 billion served up in america alone has truly become America’s favorite sandwich. It might not have ever occurred because in 1906 Upton Sinclair’s Journalistic book”The Jungle” detailed the unsavory parts of the meat packing industry in the usa. Ground beef became subject to much scrutiny because it was easy to add meat scraps, fillers and preservatives
In 1921 Billy Ingram and Walter Anderson of Kansas had the vision to open White Castle restaurant. It became the direct way for the fast food hamburger success. The White Castle restaurants gleamed with cleanliness bringing the hamburger standing along with it.
Other national chains which followed were McDonald’s and In-n-Out Burger in 1948, Burger King 1954 and Wendy’s in 1969. Many of you have your own favorite recipe for the beans of your choice.
So next time you pull into your favorite fast food restaurant, fire up the grill or put one on the George Forman grill you’ll know a little of the development on the Hamburger.

Keep Ending Up With The Wrong Person?

Romantic, Hug, Togetherness, Embrace
If someone had just purchased a car, there is a strong chance that they’d have taken it for a test drive first. This could have given them the chance to learn what it’s like and to see whether it would be a great match for them.
Along with this, they would have most likely asked a range of questions about the car. After all, this was a big decision, so it’s a fantastic thing that they had done their research and not just gone for any vehicle.
A Different Approach
However, while someone may be judicious when it comes to what car they purchase, this may not be the case in regards to who they start a relationship with. Therefore, even though this is an important area of their life, they might act as though it isn’t.
If they behaved this way when it came to purchasing a vehicle, they could end up buying a car that’s dangerous or only looks good from the outside. In any event, they will have ended up making a poor decision.
The Main Thing
What someone like this could find is that as long as another person looks good, it is enough for them to take things further. The effect that this person’s appearance has on them is then going to put them into an altered state of consciousness, with this state taking away their ability to think clearly.
The Hallo Effect
As a result of the other person’s appearance, an individual will see them through rose coloured glasses. If they were to say what’s taking place within them it may sound like this,’they look great, so every other part of them must also be good’.
One is then not going to be taking a medication that interferes with their ability to think rationally, but it will be as if they are. One will have set another person on a pedestal, which is likely to mean that they’ll have a long way to fall.
Two Extremes
As times goes by, it might become clear that the thought that they had of the other individual earlier on had very little basis in reality.
If something like this happened once it would be enough, but when this occurs on a regular basis, it is going to cause someone to experience lots of pain. It wouldn’t be accurate, however, to state that this is always what happens when someone continually ends up with the wrong person.
Another Scenario
Conversely, an individual could realize that they have the tendency to be attracted to people who come across as strong and capable. In the beginning they will feel like they are with someone who will treat them well, only to discover that this individual ends up becoming really controlling.
When this happens, another person will have appeared to have possessed all the right traits initially, yet ended up getting somebody else as time went by. Due to the number of people they have been with who were like this, they may wonder if they have a sign on their head that says,’controlling people only’.
The Common Denominator
What this then means is that in order them for entice soemome who’s different, they will have to change.
The area which will most likely need to be changed is their inner world; altering their appearance in some way, for example, is unlikely to be the answer. In precisely the exact same way that changing a cars look is improbable make it operate better, changing their appearance is not likely resolve what’s occurring, either.
One Option
So, when one meets someone who they believe is a fantastic match, they could ask one of the friends to come and spend some time together on various occasions.
The trouble with this strategy is that their other person can put on an act at the start, and, ones friend may not be a good judge of character. On the other hand, if a person starts to resolve the wounds which are within them, it will be easier for them to see others for who they are as opposed to projecting so much onto them.
Diving In
In addition to this, they will slowly lose the attraction that they have to people that are not great for them. Lots of the wounds that they will need to deal with may be the result of what happened whilst they were a child.
Dealing with this baggage won’t occur overnight, but it is going to happen as long as they’re patient and persistent.
Awareness
If one wishes to change this area of their life, they might need to reach out for outside support. This is something which may be provided by the assistance of a therapist or healer, as an example.

Ghana and British Imports

Kwame, Nkrumah, Ghana, Accra, President

Aside from inducing the collapse of large sectors of Ghana’s businesses and throwing thousands of people from work, the new policies imposed on the authorities produced a marketplace supplying the public with practically no choice. People were compelled to purchase whatever it satisfied the dealers to import. Long cherished products vanished to be replaced by cheap copies of doubtful quality.

Tom, an English engineer seeing Tamale in northern Ghana in 1987, was advised that the northerners greatly valued the British goods which they had come to know and trust in colonial times. Likewise the northerners adored the Raleigh bicycle and the first Land Rover four-wheel-drive automobile. They called these goods’first’ and constantly asked for them. But these days they couldn’t be bought new because almost all present imports were from China and India. These nations produced copies of the Lister engine as well as the Raleigh bikes but the northerners had soon came to detect the difference in quality. That was how the requirement for the’first’ began.

Tom said he feared that if the British goods were imported these times the rural folks would not have the ability to afford them, and in any case, the grade wasn’t as great as before. He was told in response that the regional people would attempt to pay more for better quality. The Cotton Development Company had recently imported bikes to market to their employees on easy-payment provisions. The majority of the bikes were from China but a couple of Raleighs were included. Even though the cost was higher, it was the Raleighs which were spoken for first.

Tom’s Ghanaian interlocutor said he was puzzled by what had occurred. However, this market didn’t provide what the people demanded, it provided what it suited the dealers to import. The people could just buy what was locally available. It wasn’t a free market, it was a slaves’ marketplace.

Be Responsible with your Firearms

Soldiers, Firearm, Military, Training

Are you interested in guns and now seeking firearms training from accredited professionals? Or perhaps just plain interested in guns and would want to know how to shoot? Obtaining training professionally by firearms teachers would certainly come with benefits.

1.

This is possibly the first and foremost benefit of learning anything about guns. Understanding how to take and operate guns is important but without the knowledge of appropriate safety habits and abilities, unfortunate incidents regarding guns will continue to take place. Nobody wants that so it’s very important that everyone who’s involved and would want to get involved with firearms be equipped with the appropriate knowledge about firearms safety. It decreases the probability of accidents, which may occasionally be deadly and can even cost lives.

2.

In shorter and simpler terms, this can be known as’Use of Force’. If you have a firearm and know how to shoot, do you understand just when and where you passion? Do you understand the legal implications of what can happen when the bullet fires off the barrel? Those are some questions you can find an answer from and find out in a firearms training establishment or by a certified firearms instructor. Even though it might be true you understand how to shoot but comprehension of just how much force you use and the understanding of applying it is one of the greatest things which you could learn from firearms training.

  1. Assessing the accuracy of your goal

You definitely don’t point your gun in what you don’t intend to take but there would probably come a time in your life, let us say an intrusion on your personal property like your residence or business or possibly a threat to you or your loved ones’ lives appears, that it is a requirement that you need to pull and take. It would be catastrophic if you can’t work on the aim once the need shall arise. It is possible to effectively manage an opponent if you understand how to aim and shoot and this type of skill requires instruction, essentially from guns professionals or skilled firearms instructors.

  1. Developing yourself and bolstering your firearms skills

Last, visiting a firearms training establishment will greatly develop you as a person. During training, you will learn self-discipline, working on your own aim, in addition to physical conditioning on the way to better take and have the mindset for it. You’ll also learn when to pull out the gun on appropriate situations with all the legal things in mind. It’s possible to greatly develop your skills and passion for firearms by acquiring quality firearms instruction.

Finding the Right School for your Kids

Library, Books, Education, Literature

There comes a point when every parent goes through the process to find a school for their child. It can be a tricky process – you might have a different opinion on choice of schools in relation to your child; you could be moving to a different area; or you might be taking a look at an independent, fee paying school for your child. Whatever the scenario, help is on hand to ensure you find the right school where your child is happy.

So we’ve put together some general advice that will help you not just find a college, but to find the right school.

Moving area – finding a school in a place you’re not familiar with can be quite tricky, especially given the amount of assistance given by existing primary schools to receive their pupils into the right secondary school. The best place to start is by creating a listing of schools in the area you are going to, you can do a postcode search here. As soon as you have your list, contact them and find out when they’re open for you to go and see. The whole process can then be broken down into a simple, enjoyable exercise for you and your little one.

Find an independent college – if you’re looking for an independent school for your child then your choices will become much narrower. Outside of major cities and towns there are often only a small number of independent, fee paying schools to pick from and you might already know what these are. Independent schools will always have open days or open evenings where you can call in and take a look around to see if it is right for you. As they are fewer in number, it is likely you will need to use the school’s transport service to get your child to and from school each day, so check where this stops and picks up in relation to your dwelling.

Find a school with good OFSTED evaluations – OFSTED evaluations work on a numbered rating from 1 to 4, with 1 being the best (Outstanding) and 4 being the worst (Needs improvement). A school in class 4 will occasionally be put in what is known as Special Measures, meaning it has outside assistance from the local authority to try and improve, and the senior management team could be replaced if they are deemed to be ineffective. Whatever the scenario, every schools’ OFSTED rating is published online and can be seen at no cost, so go and have a look to learn more and use them to help you locate a school.

Find a school your child is in disagreement with – quite often you will have a differing opinion than your child’s. This will almost certainly be the case when you come to find a school for them. They may favour a school where their friends go, or which has the best sports team, or is nearest your home, whereas these are the schools with the worst OFSTED ratings, or the worst transport links, which you (rather more sensibly!) deem less adequate.

Finding a college is often a very simple process but for some there are a few more hurdles to overcome. When there are, help is at hand from a variety of sources to make sure that you find a school that your child is happy at.

Taboo Science

Fusion, Chemistry, Atom, Fusion, Fusion

Due to a bad exactness of their report, only few other scientists were able to replicate their findings in the first location. The findings were subsequently dismissed as due to misunderstandings and bad scientific practice, and the matter of cold fusion has since been considered as a taboo area.

However, some scientists did manage to replicate the findings, and quietly an enormous quantity of positive research findings based on experiments of a lot better quality have been printed. The phenomenon is becoming accepted as a legitimate area of research by steadily more scientists.

However, what is really going on is not well known. Heat production, detected radiation and detected fusion products suggest that some sort of nuclear reaction or combination takes place, but the reactions don’t reveal the amount of radiation and the ratios of products that known hot fusion reactions do. Therefore other names of this phenomenon are often used, such as Low Energy Nuclear Reactions or (LENR) or Chemically Assisted Nuclear Reactions (CANR).

What’s FUSION

By fusion two or more atomic nuclei, protons or neutrons fuse together to form a new atomic nucleus. These forces are so powerful that they win over the repulsing electromagnetic forces between protons.

However, the strong forces only work at a short distance. Therefore the nucleons (neutrons and protons) must be brought very close together. This is difficult because of the repulsing electromagnetic forces between the protons. In conventional fusion this is accomplished by very substantial temperature and pressure in the fusing material.

A deuterium nucleus consists of on proton and one neutron. Heavy water contains deuterium instead of ordinary hydrogen and is consequently designed D2O. When fusion occurs, this mass difference can’t be lost. It’s converted into kinetic energy and gamma radiation. Therefore fusion of protons, neutrons or kernels of the very lightest elements into heavier elements is a really potent energy source.

One hasn’t been able to generate a controlled combination by high temperature and pressure that yields more energy than the input energy yet. The only practical way one has managed to exploit the energy from warm mix is the hydrogen bomb.

THE PROCESS BEHIND COLD FUSION

There isn’t any fully developed model for cold fusion yet. The theory behind the phenomenon is nevertheless very easy: All particles behave according to quantum mechanical laws. These laws state that the coordinates and energy state of a particle at the same point in time determine the likelihood of finding a particle a place with some given coordinates at another time period, but the exact place can’t be predicted. Actually, a particle can be found anywhere at the other time point, put all places do not have the same probability. Some places are extremely probable, and others are extremely improbable. As a result of this, even a particle that is not in any internet motion nevertheless will shift place randomly to some extend, usually very little, but occasionally more.

By bringing particles and nuclei very near each other by using some force, this will happen: The quantum mechanical behavior will make the particles change their position more or less all the time, and sometimes they get close enough to let the powerful nuclear forces to take actions and cause them to fuse.

According to standard understanding of the conventional theory, this cannot happen in such a degree to be detected. Either the standard theory is not complete, or one has not learned to use the theory in a right fashion. The mathematical apparatus of the theory is so complicated, it is impossible to predict what can happen and what cannot happen with a brief glance at the equations.

Cold fusion differs in many aspects from warm fusion. It is difficult to generate warm fusion of different things than one deuterium and one tritium kernel. By cold fusion, two deuterium kernels readily fuse to helium, and even fusion involving hydrogen kernels (free protons) have been reported.

These are the responses that regular understanding predicts when two deuterium kernels fuse: D + D –> 3He + n, D + D –> T + p, D + D –> 4He + gamma photon.

THE ORIGINAL PONS-FLEISCHMAN SYSTEM

The first experiment exerted by Pons and Fleischmann consisted of these components: A palladium cathode, a nickel anode and a solution of sodium deuteride NaOD (20 percent ) in heavy water D2O. Sodium deuteride is sodium hydroxide with heavy hydrogen (deuterium) in the OH- ion, and therefore designed as OD-.

When electricity was applied to the electrolytic system, deuterium atoms were created at the cathode, and oxygen at the anode. The deuterium atoms went into the palladium crystal lattice in great extend before combining to D2.

Excessive heat was then produced from the electrolytic cell, apart from the electrolytic heat. Helium, tritium and neutrons were also produced, but the latter two goods not in the quantities that would have been generated in a hot fusion. Therefore the fusion reactions in the system are different form those in hot fusion, and probably more complicated.

Only few scientists were able to replicate the results in the first place, because of awful documentation from the originators. However, a number of them succeeded, and slowly the conditions for a satisfactory fusion have been established. The ideal combination occurs when the palladium is somewhat over-saturated, that’s when there are nearly as many atoms of deuterium as those of palladium in the crystal.

The saturation is controlled by the voltage applied, and by utilizing palladium structures composed of very thin layers or very little grains. The electrolysis in itself is only a way to put deuterium into the palladium crystal matrix.

THERE ARE MANY WAYS OF OBTAINING COLD FUSION

As seen, cold fusion processes can be initiated by packing many deuterium kernels to inter-atomic rooms in a crystal lattice. A critical density for beginning a fusion process appears to be the exact same density as in liquid pure deuterium. Since there’s absolutely no fusion process in liquid deuterium, the crystal lattice probably packs the deuterium kernels together in tight sub-microscopic groups with much greater density than the average density in the lattice as a whole, and thus allowing quantum mechanical tunnelling between the kernels in the groups.

There are other electrolytic solutions than that used by Fleischman and Pons that may be utilised in combination with palladium electrodes to acquire cold fusion. By electrolysing a solution of KCL/LiCL/Lid using a palladium anode, signs pointing at cold fusion have been reported, but many attempts of repeating the results have failed.

Any force that’s able to push enough D+ ions to the right kinds of metal crystal lattice, can be used to deliver cold fusion. As an example can signs of fusion be produced by bombarding the right kind of metallic lattice with accelerated D+ – ions.

By an electrical discharge between palladium electrodes in a deuterium gas, signs of fusion have been seen. By such a discharge, plasma composed of D+ ions and electrons will be formed between the electrodes. Since also these D-ions will have a high thermic energy; many of them will be thrown quite near each other. Quantum-mechanical tunnelling can then do the rest of the approaching process, so that fusion can take place.

Also large pressure can be used to push enough deuterium to a metal lattice to give fusion. By way of instance, by having finely divided palladium grains in a pressurized deuterium gas, signs of fusion have been generated, and replicated by other scientists.

Also by reactions where nickel metal and H2 unite, indications of fusion have been detected. Despite the fact that H2 and not D2 has been used, the reaction has still been reported to take place. This points to a very different reaction mechanism than that of warm fusion. Some scientists speculate that hydrogen atoms can exist in quantum countries where the electron and proton are so near each other that the atom responds like a neutron.

By bombarding gas bubbles in a liquid by ultrasonic waves, the bubbles can be brought into an intense oscillation of expansions and collapses synchronized with the noise frequency.

Such oscillating bobbles can send out light by specific frequencies of expansions and collapses, and from the right compositions of the gas. By each fall, the place temperature in the bobble can reach up to 10 mill degrees, even though the average temperature in the complete blending is near room temperature.

When deuterium is present in the oscillating bobbles, fusion has been observed. This fusion is strictly not cold fusion, but resembles hot fusion, and also the procedure sends out neutrons, gamma-rays and tritium atoms as predicted by standard comprehension.

The process hasn’t been reported to produce more energy which that place in, but is supported by independent investigators.

Cold fusion in crystal lattices has been shown to generate more energy than that put in. Experimental 1 MW or more experimental reactors has been set up and demonstrated.

Commercial reactors are by now being developed, but nobody has yet been able to show a reactor with stabile enough operation to be sold on the market. Commercial household heaters seem to be the first type of reactors these companies attempt to develop. The hope of the companies is that these will make a way for greater reactors and uses in the market.

By now it isn’t easy to learn how successful cold fusion will be in the energy market. Cold fusion may make a revolution that provides the world cheap clean energy in enormous quantities, but no one knows yet.

Knut Holt is an internet marketer and consultant focusing on technical and scientific items. To locate: Remote controle helicopters, airplanes, cars and boats. Airsoft guns of all models. Chemistry sets. Electronic sets, transmitters and digital components. Night vision tools: —